Ekaterinburg Russia. Ekaterinburg History. Part 2
History of Ekaterinburg, Russia. Part 2
Ekaterinburg emblem: The upper part of escutcheon depicts a bear with the Gospel on its back. The bear with the Gospel is depicted on the red background thus reflecting the city’s belonging to Permskaya province, The lower part of the emblem represents a silver smelting furnace and a ore mine. These elements are painted on the green background and symbolize rich ore deposits of Ekaterinburg area.
From the beginning of the 19th century Ekaterinburg industry began changing gradually. Mechanical factories appeared in the city. They put in order the production of steam-engines and other equipment. The production of plants played an important role in technical reequipment of mining industry and metallurgy of the Urals. At the same time fat-melting, clothing and matching industries, a part of the private sector, began developing. Thus Ekaterinburg took the first place among Ural towns by the volume of the gross produce of the private industry.
In 1807, Ekaterinburg of Russia got the status of a "mining city" due to the city's place in the country's economics. Ekaterinburg of Russia took the leading position in cast iron and copper production, guns and cannon-balls casting, cold steel manufacture, and other spheres. In addition, metallurgical and metal mining plants of the Ural and Siberia had their Headquarters in Ekaterinburg. The Headquarters had different names in different periods of time. It was called Siberian Supreme Mining Command, Ober-Bergamt, Ural Mining Administration. It comprised several structures: mining courts, mining police, central mining drugstore and the city’s garrison submitted to the chief of the mining plants of the Ural Mountains.
Owing to its unique location on the border of Europe and Asia, Ekaterinburg played an important role as a trade mediator between two parts of the world. By the middle of the 19th century commercial intercourse of Ekaterinburg was valued at 8 millions rubles per year, and by the end of the 19th century it increased almost three times more. Such growth was connected with railway lines construction. The first railway line Perm -Ekaterinburg was launched to operation in 1878 year. Railway line Ekaterinburg -Tyumen went into operation seven years later and in 1897 Ekaterinburg-Chelyabinsk line began functioning. It allowed Ekaterinburg to join the general railway network of the country.
Industry and trade development was accompanied by appearance of banking system. In 1843 the department of the State Bank was opened. By the beginning of the 20th century private Siberian and Volgsko-Kamskij banks together with the municipal Public bank worked. Soon Russian Foreign Commerce Bank, Siberian Trade Industry Bank and Russian-Asian Bank opened their departments in Ekaterinburg. Their summed transactions were more than one billion rubles a year.
Not only economic potential grew but population too. In 1807 year 10 000 people lived in Ekaterinburg, in 1897, population was estimated as 43 200 people and before the revolution of 1917 there were 71,5 thousand inhabitants. Ekaterinburg took the second place after Perm in the number of population among Ural towns.
Gradually Ekaterinburg became known in Russia. Ekaterinburg itself, its lapidary factory and the mint were visited by famous Russian people. Among them were Russian academician I.Gmelin, captain-commander V.Bering, an outstanding explorer S.Cheljuskin, English scientist T.Atkinson, German scientist F.Nansen. In 1824 tsar Alexander I visited the city and in 1837 a heir of the throne and intending emperor Alexander II paid a visit to Ekaterinburg. All of them, with rare exception, liked the city and had best memories about Ekaterinburg, its people, architecture, techniques and technologies of leading mining plants.